What is Scrum in 60 seconds?


Understanding Scrum: A Comprehensive Guide

Scrum is a framework for developing and sustaining complex products. Unlike a methodology, which prescribes specific processes, a framework provides the skeleton—you provide the meat and muscles.

What is Scrum?

Scrum is designed to help teams work together. It encourages teams to learn through experiences, self-organize while working on a problem, and reflect on their wins and losses to continuously improve.

The Essentials of Scrum

Scrum comprises:

  • Three accountabilities
  • Three artifacts, each with a supporting commitment
  • Five events based on the five Scrum values

These elements are underpinned by scientific empiricism, which focuses on transparency, inspection, and adaptation in short feedback loops.

The Core Components of Scrum

Three Accountabilities

  1. Scrum Master
    1. Facilitates the Scrum process.
    1. Removes obstacles impeding the team’s progress.
    1. Ensures adherence to Scrum principles.
  2. Product Owner
    1. Represents the stakeholders.
    1. Defines and prioritizes the product backlog.
    1. Ensures the team delivers value to the business.
  3. Developers
    1. Build and deliver the product increment.
    1. Work collaboratively and self-organize.
    1. Take ownership of their tasks and commitments.

Three Artifacts

  1. Product Backlog
    1. A dynamic list of features, enhancements, fixes, and technical improvements.
    1. Prioritized by the Product Owner.
    1. Continuously evolves based on feedback and new insights.
  2. Sprint Backlog
    1. A subset of the Product Backlog.
    1. Comprises items selected for the current sprint.
    1. Includes a plan for delivering the increment.
  3. Increment
    1. The sum of all Product Backlog items completed during a sprint.
    1. Must meet the Definition of Done.
    1. Represents a step towards the Product Goal.

Five Events

  1. Sprint Planning
    1. Sets the agenda for the sprint.
    1. Defines the sprint goal, what can be done, and how it will be achieved.
  2. Daily Scrum
    1. A 15-minute time-boxed event for the development team.
    1. Helps synchronize activities and create a plan for the next 24 hours.
    1. Focuses on what was done, what will be done, and any impediments.
  3. Sprint Review
    1. Held at the end of the sprint.
    1. The team presents what was accomplished during the sprint.
    1. Stakeholders provide feedback.
  4. Sprint Retrospective
    1. Follows the Sprint Review.
    1. Focuses on what went well, what didn’t, and how processes can improve.
    1. Aims to make the next sprint more effective and enjoyable.
  5. The Sprint
    1. A time-boxed period (typically one to four weeks).
    1. During which a “Done”, usable, and potentially releasable product increment is created.

Five Scrum Values

  1. Focus
    1. Everyone focuses on the work of the sprint and the goals of the Scrum team.
  2. Respect
    1. Team members respect each other to be capable, independent people.
  3. Openness
    1. The team and stakeholders agree to be open about all the work and the challenges.
  4. Courage
    1. Team members have the courage to do the right thing and work on tough problems.
  5. Commitment
    1. Team members personally commit to achieving the goals of the Scrum team.

The Principles of Scrum: Transparency, Inspection, and Adaptation

Scrum implements scientific empiricism. This approach is built on:

  • Transparency: Ensuring everyone understands what’s going on.
  • Inspection: Regularly checking progress towards a goal.
  • Adaptation: Adjusting as soon as deviations are detected.


Transparency means presenting the facts as is. In Scrum, transparency is achieved through:

  • Clear definitions: Ensuring that everyone understands the meaning of “Done”.
  • Accessible information: Making sure all information needed for effective collaboration is available.


Inspection involves scrutinizing the work and processes at regular intervals. This helps identify variances or problems early.


Adaptation is about making adjustments based on the results of inspections. Scrum encourages adapting the plan and processes as new information emerges.

Personal Experiences in Scrum Implementation

From my years of experience as a Scrum trainer, I’ve seen firsthand the transformative power of Scrum. Here are some personal insights:

  • Improved Team Collaboration: Teams that were initially siloed began working more cohesively, delivering better results faster.
  • Increased Transparency: Regular stand-ups and reviews opened up communication lines, reducing misunderstandings and aligning everyone towards common goals.
  • Enhanced Adaptability: Teams became more flexible, responding to changes swiftly and efficiently, which is crucial in dynamic environments.

Practical Recommendations

  • Start with a Clear Vision: Ensure that the Product Owner has a clear vision and communicates it effectively to the team.
  • Invest in Training: Equip your team with proper Scrum training. Understanding the framework deeply can prevent common pitfalls.
  • Foster a Culture of Continuous Improvement: Encourage regular retrospectives and be open to feedback. This can lead to significant improvements over time.


Scrum is not just a framework; it’s a mindset. By focusing on collaboration, transparency, and continuous improvement, Scrum can help teams navigate the complexities of product development effectively. Whether you’re just starting out or looking to refine your approach, embracing Scrum’s principles can lead to more efficient, cohesive, and adaptive teams.

Implementing Scrum successfully requires commitment and courage, but the rewards in terms of team performance and product quality are well worth the effort. 🌟

With these insights and practical tips, you’re well on your way to mastering Scrum and reaping the benefits it offers. Happy Scrum-ing! 🚀

Connect with Advanced Product Delivery.

APD offer private, tailored training courses as well as business agility and coaching. Our public training courses are delivered by practicing Agilists: Product Owners, Scrum Masters and coaches who are expert trainers and facilitators.

Whether you are looking to become a #scrummaster or #agilecoach, we have a range of internationally certified and recognised #agiletraining courses that are perfect for you. Visit Professional Scrum Training courses for more information.

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